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The Cost of Smoking for California s 58 Counties

Institution: University of California, San Francisco
Investigator(s): Wendy Max, Ph.D.
Award Cycle: 2011 (Cycle 20) Grant #: 20CA-0102H Award: $379,906
Subject Area: Public Health, Public Policy, and Economics
Award Type: California Research Award
Abstracts

Initial Award Abstract
This study will develop estimates of the cost of smoking for each of California's 58 counties, including costs of both active smoking and secondhand smoke exposure. Estimates will be made of smoking-attributable healthcare costs, time lost from activities, and the value of lives lost prematurely due to smoking-related illness. A report will be produced that will be the third in a series by these investigators. The study has three specific aims:

•  Specific Aim 1. Direct Costs of Smoking-Related Illness. Annual smoking-attributable healthcare expenditures for each county and for California as a whole will be estimated for the most recent year that the data permit, probably 2009. Estimates will be presented separately by age, gender, and type of service, including hospitalization costs as well as the cost of ambulatory care, prescribed medications, home health care, and nursing home care. Costs due to secondhand smoke exposure will be presented separately.
•  Specific Aim 2. Value of Lost Productivity from Smoking-Related Illness. The value of time lost from regular activities by ill smokers will be estimated for California and its counties. This will include the value of time lost from paid employment and housekeeping services.
•  Specific Aim 3. Losses Resulting from Smoking-Caused Deaths. Estimates of the number of deaths from smoking-related diseases, the number of years people would have lived had they not died from smoking-related illnesses, and the value of lost employment and housekeeping will be estimated for active smokers and those exposed to secondhand smoke.

A user-friendly report will be produced, which will contain three sets of tables:
•  California Tables. This section will include a series of tables presenting the costs for the entire state, including total costs, costs per resident, and costs per smoker. Also included will be data on smoking-attributable deaths by disease and gender.
•  County Tables. This section will include a series of tables which list each county total for costs, smoking prevalence, and the mortality measures. Each will be presented separately for men and women. The presentation will allow for easy comparisons of the impact of smoking on different counties.
•  County Profiles. This section will contain a 2-page spread for each of the counties in the state. The profile will include total costs as well as costs per resident and per smoker, expenditures for each type of healthcare, smoking prevalence, and the mortality measures. The profiles will present detailed information on each county in one place to make it easily accessible by tobacco control advocates, legislators, and public health educators.

The proposal is responsive to TRDRP’s special initiative on Public Health, Public Policy, and Economics, specifically area 1: “Estimating the Cost of Smoking in California…” and also to TRDRP’s primary research priority: “Public Policy and Economics of Tobacco Use”. It is also responsive to the primary research priority in “Secondhand Smoke and Outdoor Tobacco Smoke” and TEROC’s research priority related to “indoor and outdoor secondhand smoke exposure, including… …health effects”. This study will provide up-to-date measures of the economic burden of health effects of active tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure in California at the state and county level. The information will be useful for advocates, policymakers, and the academic research community working on tobacco control efforts. Estimates will be presented in an easily accessible format, and will be useful for both local and state-level policy purposes.

Publications

The cost of secondhand smoke exposure at home in California
Periodical: Tobacco Control Index Medicus:
Authors: Max W, Sung H-Y, Shi Y. ART
Yr: 2014 Vol: Nbr: Abs: Pg:

The cost of secondhand smoke exposure at home in California
Periodical: Tobacco Control Index Medicus:
Authors: Max W, Sung H-Y, Shi Y. ART
Yr: 2014 Vol: Nbr: Abs: Pg: