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Smoking prevention for Asian-American college students

Institution: Veterans Medical Research Foundation
Investigator(s): Mark Myers, Ph.D.
Award Cycle: 2001 (Cycle 10) Grant #: 10RT-0142 Award: $588,595
Subject Area: Epidemiology
Award Type: Research Project Awards

Initial Award Abstract
Asian Americans account for the third largest and fastest growing ethnic minority group in California. As a whole, Asian American adolescents smoke less than non-Asian adolescents, but there are important gender and ethnic subgroup differences among Asian youth; males smoke more than females and, for example, Koreans smoke more than Chinese. Among Asian American adults, however, the smoking rates of some subgroups (in particular, among males) are higher than the rates of non-Asians. At this time little is known regarding factors that influence smoking behaviors among ethnic minority populations in the United States, with even less known regarding between-cultural variations of such influences. In addition, college students represent an understudied population for which increased prevalence of smoking has been reported and for whom little information is available relevant to the design of tobacco focused interventions. This study proposes to identify cultural variations in smoking behavior between Chinese American and Korean American college students attending the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) and San Diego State University (SDSU). In an attempt to understand various factors that increase an individual’s risk for smoking as well as factors that protect against smoking, students will be evaluated during their first year of college when they are 18-19 years old and will be re-evaluated 18 months later to examine changes in their smoking behavior over time. A primary focus of the proposed study is to examine factors that predict the initiation of tobacco use during the first two years of college attendance. The knowledge gained from this study will contribute to understanding why young adults of Chinese and Korean heritage start to smoke, why some of them quit, and why many of them keep smoking. In addition, this study will provide information that can be used to develop interventions targeted to prevent and reduce smoking behavior in college students of Chinese and Korean heritage.

Psychosocial, cultural and genetic influences on alcohol use in Asian-American youth.
Periodical: Journal of Studies on Alcohol Index Medicus:
Authors: Hendershot C, MacPherson L, Myers MG, Carr LG, Wall TL ART
Yr: 0 Vol: Nbr: Abs: Pg: