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Tobacco use & policies: San Diego Mexican American residents

Institution: San Diego State University Research Foundation
Investigator(s): Melbourne Hovell, Ph.D., M.P.H.
Award Cycle: 2002 (Cycle 11) Grant #: 11RT-0148H Award: $786,750
Subject Area: Public Health, Public Policy, and Economics
Award Type: Research Project Awards

Initial Award Abstract
The purpose of this proposal is to investigate the prevalence and determinants of non-smoking policies, tobacco use and environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure for Mexican American residents (the largest minority group in the region) in San Diego City. Based on Social Learning Theory, a wide range of possible “determinants” of residential tobacco policies, ETS exposure in homes and tobacco use by family members will be selected and measured.

The role of acculturation and exposure to public policies and media campaigns will be especially addressed by comparing three cities representing three different steps in migrant flow of Mexican migrants to the U.S. and a gradient of tobacco control activities. 1,500 adult Mexicans or Americans of Mexican origin residing in San Diego City, 400 Mexican adult residents in Tijuana, and 400 adults living in Guadalajara, Mexico, will be surveyed regarding non-smoking policies, their strategies of enforcing residential non-smoking policies, ETS exposure for residents, tobacco use (i.e. smokers) and health status. Demographic, behavioral, sociological and cultural variables will be collected from interviews of target respondents in each selected residence.

Following a broad behavioral ecological model, we will test the hypotheses that social, cultural and acculturation processes predict tobacco non-smoking policies, ETS exposure and smoking status of residents. It is hypothesized that the influence of community-wide tobacco control programs, especially media and community policies limiting smoking in public settings, will be strongest in San Diego, next strongest in Tijuana and least influential in Guadalajara. It is also hypothesized that the degree of tobacco use, ETS exposure, and use of residential policies banning smoking will be parallel to this gradient of community-wide tobacco control programs. These hypotheses will be tested by statistical analyses based on target respondent reports and based on independently collected information about local policies and media exposure.

Results will inform theory and practical public health interventions for tobacco control targeting Mexican American residents of San Diego and by extension other Hispanics elsewhere in the State. These results also will inform processes, including the California Tobacco Control program’s effects, which might influence tobacco use/policies in Mexican residences. Results may inform directions for tobacco control, especially residential policies, in Mexico and other developing countries. Results will provide current population estimates for adult and youth ETS exposure levels among San Diego Mexican-American residents and will help in the design of culturally tailored interventions for reducing those levels. Moreover, the U.S.–Mexico comparison will provide pilot information about cross-national influences to set the stage for international cooperation for tobacco control. This proposal is responsive to TRDRP research priorities for funding studies that address the role of acculturation in ETS exposure among Latinos.

Tobacco control research in Korean, Latin American and Central European populations: behavioral epidemiology and intervention studies.
Periodical: Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco Newsletter Index Medicus:
Authors: Hovell MF, Jones JA, Hofstetter CR, Park H, Paik HY, et al. ABS
Yr: 2003 Vol: Nbr: Abs: Pg:

Operationalizing ecological models across behaviors.
Periodical: Annals of Behavioral Medicine Index Medicus:
Authors: Hovell MF, Martinez-Donate AP, Poston CW, Sallis JF ABS
Yr: 2004 Vol: 27 Nbr: (Sup) Abs: Pg: s172

Applying the behavioral ecological model for international tobacco control research: project SanTiGua.
Periodical: Annals of Behavioral Medicine Index Medicus:
Authors: Martinezz-Donate AP, Hovel MF, Adams MA, Gonzalez-Perez GJ ABS
Yr: 2004 Vol: 27 Nbr: (sup) Abs: Pg: s173

Smoking, enviromental tobacco smoke, and somking bans in Mexico: results from a probability household survey
Periodical: Pan American Journal of Public Health Index Medicus:
Authors: Martinez-Donate AP, Hovell MF, Hofstetter CR Gonzalez Perez GJ, Adams MA, Sanchez de Jesus ART
Yr: 2005 Vol: 18 Nbr: 6 Abs: Pg: 412-417