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Influences that promote ethnic disparities in smoking

Institution: University of California, San Diego
Investigator(s): Dennis Trinidad, Ph.D., M.P.H.
Award Cycle: 2003 (Cycle 12) Grant #: 12KT-0158 Award: $269,971
Subject Area: Public Health, Public Policy, and Economics
Award Type: New Investigator Awards

Initial Award Abstract
The California Tobacco Control Program (CTCP), introduced in 1989, was the first major statewide tobacco control program in the United States. It has been shown to be effective in reducing tobacco use and tobacco-related diseases for the overall population. The Master Settlement Agreement (MSA) between the tobacco companies and State Attorneys General led to major changes in the price of cigarettes and in tobacco advertising and promotions. Since the MSA, many studies have shown significant changes in smoking behavior in the general population.

This New Investigator proposal will try to estimate how the CTCP and the MSA affected smoking, especially starting and quitting, among ethnic minority groups. The research proposed in this application addresses several important priorities identified by the Tobacco Related Diseases Research Program. We will examine the impact of smoking restrictions and tobacco industry marketing on smoking across ethnicities. We will also examine which ethnic groups are more vulnerable to tobacco industry marketing and how the MSA advertising restrictions affected ethnic minority smoking. Finally, this proposal will examine the extent of secondhand smoke exposure across ethnicities. In examining the effects of the CTCP and MSA across ethnic groups, we will also take into account gender differences.

Results of this research would greatly benefit public health in California, particularly among ethnic minorities. This research will identify whether the “smoking window” is different for various ethnicities, thus affecting the design of smoking prevention programs aimed at specific ethnic groups. This research will also impact public health by identifying how the CTCP, MSA and tobacco industry affected smoking, especially starting and quitting, among relatively understudied ethnic minority groups in California. Evaluating the impact of tobacco control interventions and policies among specific ethnic populations would lead to improved smoking policies regarding the workplace, advertising, pricing and prevention in order to minimize ethnic disparities in smoking.

Smoke-free school policies, compliance and support: California 1993-2002
Periodical: National Conference on Tobacco or Health Index Medicus:
Authors: Trinidad DR, Gilpin EA, White MM, Pierce JP ABS
Yr: 2003 Vol: Nbr: Abs: Pg:

Are higher smoking prevalence rates among African Americans likely to continue?
Periodical: Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco Conference Index Medicus:
Authors: Trinidad DR, Gilpin EA, White MM, Pierce JP ABS
Yr: 2004 Vol: Nbr: Abs: Pg:

The California Tobacco Control Program effects on adult smokers
Periodical: Tobacco Control Index Medicus:
Authors: Messer K, Pierce JP, Zhu SH, Hartman A Trinidad DR ART
Yr: 2007 Vol: 16 Nbr: Abs: Pg: 85-90

Adolesent receptivity to tobacco marketing across race/ethnic groups in California
Periodical: American Journal of Preventative Medicine Index Medicus:
Authors: West JH, Romero RA, Trinidad DR ABS
Yr: 2007 Vol: 33 Nbr: 2 Abs: Pg: 121-123