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Predictors of adolescent smoking initiation and cessation

Institution: University of California, San Diego
Investigator(s): Won Choi, Ph.D.
Award Cycle: 1998 (Cycle 7) Grant #: 7KT-0091 Award: $224,374
Subject Area: Epidemiology
Award Type: New Investigator Awards

Initial Award Abstract
After 30 years of warnings about the health consequences of tobacco use, adults (even young adults) show very low rates of smoking initiation while adolescents continue to take up smoking in significant numbers. Between 1985 and 1989, there was an increase in the rate of initiation of cigarette smoking among adolescents while the rate among young adults declined and overall prevalence of smoking among adults decreased steadily. More recently, between 1993 and 1996, daily smoking among high school seniors has increased from around 18 percent to over 22 percent. An important consequence of the increased rate of initiation among adolescents will be the increased future burden of tobacco-related diseases. The World Health Organization now estimates that, of, adolescents who continue smoking throughout their lives, approximately half will be killed by tobacco and that we can expect 200 million to 300 million children and adolescents under 20 (world-wide) currently alive to eventually be killed by tobacco. These considerations have focused public health efforts on preventing school-age youth from starting to smoke. Furthermore, these trends have caused public health professionals to call attention to the role of tobacco marketing in stimulating primary demand, in bringing new smokers into the marketplace. This research project will investigate the predictors of adolescent smoking initiation and cessation. This study addresses directly the program goals and research priorities of the Tobacco-Related Disease Research Program, which include the primary prevention of tobacco use, with an emphasis on youth and young adults. The benefits of the potential findings from this research project can be important in preventing youths from smoking. Furthermore, the findings related to adolescent cessation can be incorporated into programs to assist adolescent smokers to quit.

Determining the probability of future smoking among adolescents
Periodical: Addiction Index Medicus:
Authors: Choi WS, Pierce JP, Gilpin EA, Farkas AJ ART
Yr: 2001 Vol: 96 Nbr: Abs: Pg: 313-323

How many adolescents experiment with smoking each day in the United States?
Periodical: Journal of Adolescent Health Index Medicus:
Authors: Gilpin EA, Choi WS, Berry CC, Pierce JP ART
Yr: 1999 Vol: 25 Nbr: Abs: Pg: 248-255

Sharing the blame: smoking experimemtation and future smoking-related mortality due to Joe Camel and Marlboro advertising and promotions
Periodical: Tobacco Control Index Medicus:
Authors: Pierce JP, Gilpin EA, Choi WS ART
Yr: 1999 Vol: 8 Nbr: 1 Abs: Pg: 37-44

Predictors of smoking cessation in U.S. adolescents
Periodical: Journal of Preventive Medicine Index Medicus:
Authors: Zhu S-H, Sun J, Billings SC, Choi WS, Malarcher A ART
Yr: 1999 Vol: 16 Nbr: 3 Abs: Pg: 202-207

Does parental smoking cessation discourage adolescent smoking?
Periodical: Journal of Preventive Medicine Index Medicus:
Authors: Farkas AJ, Distefan JMm, Choi WS, Gilpin EA, Pierce JP ART
Yr: 1999 Vol: Nbr: 28 Abs: Pg: 213-218

Depressive symptoms and cigarette smoking predict development and persistence of sleep problems in U.S. adolescents
Periodical: Pediatrics Index Medicus:
Authors: Patten CA, Choi WS, Gillin JC, Pierce JP ABS
Yr: 2000 Vol: 106 Nbr: 2 Abs: e23 Pg: