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Patterns of tobacco use from adolescence to young adulthood

Institution: RAND Corporation
Investigator(s): Phyllis Ellickson, Ph.D.
Award Cycle: 2001 (Cycle 10) Grant #: 10RT-0062 Award: $431,132
Subject Area: Epidemiology
Award Type: Research Project Awards
Abstracts

Initial Award Abstract
Why do adolescents and young adults of different racial/ethnic and gender groups start and stop smoking? Researchers at RAND’s Health Program will try to answer that question by analyzing the smoking habits of an ethnically diverse group of young Californians. The findings of the study will help improve programs aimed at reducing tobacco use by the state’s adolescents and young adults – and will shed light on how to make such programs more sensitive to differences in the determinants of smoking behavior across racial/ethnic and gender groups.

The study will be based on information gathered from 1985 to 2001 about a group of participants whose history of tobacco use was traced from early adolescence (age13) to young adulthood (age 29). The participants were originally enrolled in 19 middle- and junior high schools in five school districts from Northern and Southern California.

RAND’s analysis of the information collected about these participants will provide an overall picture of tobacco use by both male and female Californians in the years leading up to adulthood. An important part of that picture will reveal similarities and differences in the smoking habits across four racial/ethnic groups: African-American, Hispanic, Asian and non-Hispanic white.

By examining data collected over a long term, the study will uncover differences in reasons why members of these groups start to smoke, why some of them quit, and why many of them keep smoking or relapse after quitting. The findings can help smoking prevention and treatment programs better meet the needs of young males and females in all four racial/ethnic groups.
Publications

Predictors of the transition to regular smoking during adolescence and young adulthood.
Periodical: Journal of Adolescent Health Index Medicus:
Authors: Tucker JS, Ellickson PL, and Klein DJ ART
Yr: 2003 Vol: 32 Nbr: 4 Abs: Pg: 314-324

From adolescence to young adulthood: racial/ethnic disparities in smoking.
Periodical: American Journal of Public Health Index Medicus:
Authors: Ellickson P, Orlando M, Tucker J, Klein D ART
Yr: 0 Vol: Nbr: Abs: Pg:

Developmental trajectories of cigarette smoking and their conrrelates from early adolescence to young adulthood.
Periodical: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology Index Medicus:
Authors: Orlando M, Tucker J, Ellickson P, Klein D ART
Yr: 0 Vol: Nbr: Abs: Pg:

Substance use trajectories from early adolescence for emerging adulthood: A comparison of smoking, binge drinking and marijuana use.
Periodical: Journal of Drug Issues Index Medicus:
Authors: Tucker JS, Ellickson PI, Orlando M, Martino SC, Dlein DJ ART
Yr: 0 Vol: Nbr: Abs: Pg: